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abbot [2018/03/14 08:02] (current)
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 +** [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of [[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] **
 +
 +
 +[[Home]] | [[Karma Clinic]] | [[Featured Content]] | [[Buddhist Ayurvedic Distance Learning |Distance Learning]] | [[About Us]] | [[Donate]] | [[Non-Profit]] | [[Recent Changes]] | Phone: (1) 510-292-6696
 +
 +----
 +
 +
 + ​[[abbot]] ​
 +
 +The [[abbot]] is the [[head]] of a [[Monastery]].
 +
 +One [[Chinese]] term for [[abbot]], fangzhang 'ten [[feet]] square'​ is a term used
 +primarily in [[Chan]] monasteries and refers to the ideal size of the [[abbot]]'​s
 +quarters. The [[Great]] [[enlighten]]ed [[Buddhist]] [[layman]] [[Vimalakirti]],​ who lived
 +during the [[time]] of the [[Buddha]], was said to have lived in a [[stone]] room of
 +that size.
 +
 +Another frequently used [[Chinese]] term for [[abbot]] is zhuchi, literally
 +"​[[Dwell]]er and [[uphold]]er",​ is explained as meaning that the [[abbot]] is one who
 +[[protect]]s the [[Dharma]] while abiding peacefully in the [[World]].
 +
 +1) [[Chinese]]:​ fangzhang, zhuchi , 2) [[Sanskrit]]:​ viharadhishvara,​ 3) [[Pali]]
 +viharadhipati
 +
 +See [[Sanskrit Dharma Terms]] and other [[Ayurvedic]] - [[Buddhist]] - [[Yogic]] - [[Vedic]] - [[Hindu]] Words and Definitions in the [[Buddhist Ayurveda Degrees]] ​
 +
 +: Search Results(mwd) = Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon
 +(cap) = Capeller'​s Sanskrit-English Dictionary
 +(otl) = Cologne Online Tamil Lexicon
 +(cpd) = Concise Pahlavi Dictionary
 +
 +
 + ​1 (mwd) vihara &​c. see %{vi-hR} , col. 2. 
 +2 (mwd) vihara m. taking away , removing , shifting , changing Bhartr2. ; separation , disunion , absence W.
 +3 (mwd) vihAra m. (once in BhP. n.) distribution , transposition (of words) AitBr. La1t2y. ; arrangement or disposition (of the 3 sacred fires ; also applied to the fires themselves or the space between them) , S3rS. ; too great expansion of the organs of speech (consisting in too great lengthening or drawling in pronunciation , opp. to %{saM-hAra} q.v.) RPra1t. ; walking for pleasure or amusement , wandering , roaming MBh. Ka1v. &c. ; sport , play , pastime , diversion , enjoyment , pleasure (`" in "'​ or `" with "'​ comp. ; ifc. also = taking delight in) Ya1jn5. MBh. R. &c. ; a place of recreation , pleasure-ground MBh. Ka1v. &c. ; (with Buddhists or Jainas) a monastery or temple (originally a hall where the monks met or walked about ; afterwards these halls were used as temples) Lalit. Mr2icch. Katha1s. &c. (cf. MWB. 68 ; 81 &c.) ; consecration for a sacrifice A1past. ; N. of the country of Magadha (called Biha1r or Beha1r from the number of Buddhist monasteries see MWB. 68) Cat. ; the shoulder L. ; a partic. bird (= %{bindurekaka}) L. ; = %{vaijayanta} L. ; %{-kArikA} f. pl. N. of wk. ; %{-krIDA-mRga} m. a toy-antelope to play with BhP. ; %{-gRha} n. a pleasure-house , play-house , theatre MW. ; %{-dAsI} f. a female attendant of a convent or temple Ma1lati1m. ; %{-deza} m. a place of recreation , pleasure-ground MBh. R. Ma1rkP. ; %{-bhadra} m. N. of a man Das3. ; %{-bhUmi} f. = %{-deza} Hariv. ; a grazing-ground , pasturage Kir. ; %{-yAtrA} f. a pleasure-walk MBh. ; %{-vat} mfn. possessing a place of recreation Mn. MBh. ; (ifc.) delighting in Mn. x , 9 ; %{-vana} n. a pleasure-grove Das3. ; %{-vApI} f. `" plñpleasure-pond "'​N. of wk. ; %{-vAri} n. water for sporting or playing about in Ragh. ; %{-zayana} n. a plñpleasure-couch R. ; %{-zaila} m. a plñpleasure-mountain R. ; %{-sthalI} f. (Va1s.) , %{-sthAna} n. (BhP.) ; %{-rA7jira} n. (= %{-radeza}) ; %{-rA7vasatha} m. (= %{-ra-gRha}) MBh.
 +4 (mwd) vIhAra m. = %{vi-h-} , a temple , sanctuary , (esp.) a Jaina or Buddhist convent or temple W. 
 +5 (cap) vihara m. transposition,​ change.
 +6 (cap) vihAra m. (n.) distribution,​ arrangement,​ esp. of the sacred fires, & these themselves; expansion, esp. of the organs of speech; relaxation, recreation, amusement, sport, pastime, delight in (---, also adj.); walking for pleasure, roaming about; place of recreation, pleasure-garden,​ grove; a Buddhist or Jaina temple or convent (also {-rikA} f.).
 +
 +
 +http://​webapps.uni-koeln.de/​tamil/​
 +
 + 
 +
 + 
 +: Search Results(mwd) = Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon
 +(cap) = Capeller'​s Sanskrit-English Dictionary
 +(otl) = Cologne Online Tamil Lexicon
 +(cpd) = Concise Pahlavi Dictionary
 +
 +
 + ​1 (mwd) vihara &​c. see %{vi-hR} , col. 2. 
 +2 (mwd) vihara m. taking away , removing , shifting , changing Bhartr2. ; separation , disunion , absence W.
 +3 (mwd) vihAra m. (once in BhP. n.) distribution , transposition (of words) AitBr. La1t2y. ; arrangement or disposition (of the 3 sacred fires ; also applied to the fires themselves or the space between them) , S3rS. ; too great expansion of the organs of speech (consisting in too great lengthening or drawling in pronunciation , opp. to %{saM-hAra} q.v.) RPra1t. ; walking for pleasure or amusement , wandering , roaming MBh. Ka1v. &c. ; sport , play , pastime , diversion , enjoyment , pleasure (`" in "'​ or `" with "'​ comp. ; ifc. also = taking delight in) Ya1jn5. MBh. R. &c. ; a place of recreation , pleasure-ground MBh. Ka1v. &c. ; (with Buddhists or Jainas) a monastery or temple (originally a hall where the monks met or walked about ; afterwards these halls were used as temples) Lalit. Mr2icch. Katha1s. &c. (cf. MWB. 68 ; 81 &c.) ; consecration for a sacrifice A1past. ; N. of the country of Magadha (called Biha1r or Beha1r from the number of Buddhist monasteries see MWB. 68) Cat. ; the shoulder L. ; a partic. bird (= %{bindurekaka}) L. ; = %{vaijayanta} L. ; %{-kArikA} f. pl. N. of wk. ; %{-krIDA-mRga} m. a toy-antelope to play with BhP. ; %{-gRha} n. a pleasure-house , play-house , theatre MW. ; %{-dAsI} f. a female attendant of a convent or temple Ma1lati1m. ; %{-deza} m. a place of recreation , pleasure-ground MBh. R. Ma1rkP. ; %{-bhadra} m. N. of a man Das3. ; %{-bhUmi} f. = %{-deza} Hariv. ; a grazing-ground , pasturage Kir. ; %{-yAtrA} f. a pleasure-walk MBh. ; %{-vat} mfn. possessing a place of recreation Mn. MBh. ; (ifc.) delighting in Mn. x , 9 ; %{-vana} n. a pleasure-grove Das3. ; %{-vApI} f. `" plñpleasure-pond "'​N. of wk. ; %{-vAri} n. water for sporting or playing about in Ragh. ; %{-zayana} n. a plñpleasure-couch R. ; %{-zaila} m. a plñpleasure-mountain R. ; %{-sthalI} f. (Va1s.) , %{-sthAna} n. (BhP.) ; %{-rA7jira} n. (= %{-radeza}) ; %{-rA7vasatha} m. (= %{-ra-gRha}) MBh.
 +4 (mwd) vIhAra m. = %{vi-h-} , a temple , sanctuary , (esp.) a Jaina or Buddhist convent or temple W. 
 +5 (cap) vihara m. transposition,​ change.
 +6 (cap) vihAra m. (n.) distribution,​ arrangement,​ esp. of the sacred fires, & these themselves; expansion, esp. of the organs of speech; relaxation, recreation, amusement, sport, pastime, delight in (---, also adj.); walking for pleasure, roaming about; place of recreation, pleasure-garden,​ grove; a Buddhist or Jaina temple or convent (also {-rikA} f.).
 +
 +
 +http://​webapps.uni-koeln.de/​tamil/​
 +
 + 
 +
 + 
 +
 +abbot 上方, 和尚, 方丈, 院主
 +
 + 
 +
 +上方
 +[Pronunciations] ​
 +[py] shàngfāng
 +[wg] shang-fang
 +[hg] 상방
 +[mc] sangbang
 +[mr] sangbang
 +[kk] ジョウホウ
 +[hb] jōhō
 +[qn] thượng phương
 + 
 +
 +Meanings
 +[Basic Meaning:] abbot 
 + 
 +
 +Senses:
 +上手 An abbot. 上方 originally meant a mountain monastery."​ [cmuller ; source(s): Soothill] ​
 +〔大乘起信論義記 T 1846.44.267b19,​ 阿彌陀經 T 366.12.347c16,​ 瑜伽論 T 1579.30.715b29 〕 
 +
 +[Dictionary References]
 + 
 +Zengaku daijiten (Komazawa U.)585a
 +Zenrin shōkisen (Mujaku Dōchū)202/​168
 +Japanese-English Zen Buddhist Dictionary (Yokoi)291
 +Bukkyōgo daijiten (Nakamura)743b
 +Ding Fubao 
 +Buddhist Chinese-Sanskrit Dictionary (Hirakawa)29
 +Bukkyō daijiten (Oda)972-2
 + 
 +
 +Copyright provisions
 +
 +The rights to textual segments (nodes) of the DDB are owned by the author indicated in the brackets next to each segment. For rights regarding the compilation as a whole, please contact Charles Muller. Please do not reproduce without permission. ​
 +
 +[[Fair Use]] Source: http://​buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​4e.xml+id('​b4e0a-65b9'​)
 +
 + 
 +
 +和尚
 +[Pronunciations] ​
 +[py] héshàng
 +[wg] ho-shang
 +[hg] 화상
 +[mc] hwasang
 +[mr] hwasang
 +[kk] ワショウ
 +[hb] washō
 +[qn] hoà thượng
 + 
 +
 +Meanings
 +[Basic Meaning:] preceptor ​
 + 
 +
 +Senses:
 +Chinese translation of the Sanskrit upādhāya, meaning—a Buddhist teacher who imparts the precepts to the practitioner. Transcribed as 鄔波馱耶. [cmuller] ​
 +An abbot; a Buddhist priest. In Japanese, this word is pronounced variously: In Zen oshō, in Tendai, kashō, and in Shingon, washō. [cmuller] ​
 +(Skt. upadhyāya; Pali upajjhāya) [cmuller ; source(s): Hirakawa] ​
 +[Soothill] "A general term for a monk. It is said to be derived from Khotan in the form of 和闍 or 和社 (or 烏社) which might be a translit. of vandya (Tibetan and Khotani ban-de), '​reverend.'​ Later it took the form of 和尚 or 和上. The 律宗 use 和上, others generally 和尚. The Sanskrit term used in its interpretation is 鳥波陀耶 upādhyāya,​ a '​sub-teacher'​ of the Vedas, inferior to an ācārya; this is intp. as 力生 strong in producing (knowledge),​ or in begetting strength in his disciples; also by 知有罪知無罪 a discerner of sin from not-sin, or the sinful from the not-sinful. It has been used as a synonym for 法師 a teacher of doctrine, in distinction from 律師 a teacher of the vinaya, also from 禪師 a teacher of the Intuitive school."​ [cmuller ; source(s): Soothill] ​
 +Also 烏波陀耶. [cmuller] ​
 +〔四分律 T 1428.22.680c21,​ 五分律 T 1421.22.4b25 〕 
 +
 +[Dictionary References]
 + 
 +A Glossary of Zen Terms (Inagaki) 7
 +Bukkyō daijiten (Mochizuki) (v.1-6)754b,​ (v.1-6)754a,​227c,​401c
 +Bukkyō daijiten (Oda) 1853-3, 330-2, 149-2*1873-1
 +Zengaku daijiten (Komazawa U.) 129c, 159c
 +Iwanami Bukkyō jiten 92, 119
 +Japanese-English Buddhist Dictionary (Daitō shuppansha) 165a/182, 229a/255
 +Zenrin shōkisen (Mujaku Dōchū) 202/169
 +Japanese-English Zen Buddhist Dictionary (Yokoi) 518
 +Bukkyōgo daijiten (Nakamura) 124a, 150d
 +Fo Guang Dictionary 3124
 +Ding Fubao 
 +Buddhist Chinese-Sanskrit Dictionary (Hirakawa) 252
 + 
 +
 +Copyright provisions
 +
 +The rights to textual segments (nodes) of the DDB are owned by the author indicated in the brackets next to each segment. For rights regarding the compilation as a whole, please contact Charles Muller. Please do not reproduce without permission. ​
 +
 +http://​buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​54.xml+id('​b548c-5c1a'​)
 +
 +
 +----
 +Return to the [[Buddhist Encyclopedia]] and Glossary of [[Dharma]] Terms | [[Recent Changes]]
 +
 +[[Fair Use]]: [[Ron Epstein]], [[Buddhism A to Z]], [[Buddhist Text Translation Institute]],​ 2002 and many other sources (see [[Bibliography]]).
 +NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under [[Shastra tradition]] and “Fair Use” by an [[Anonymous]] [[Buddhist Monk]] [[Redactor]] (Compiler) of this Online [[Buddhist Encyclopedia]] Compilation) ​
 +
 +----
 +----
 +====== Course Codes ======
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 +----
 +====== Technical Notes ======
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 +[[Medicine Buddha Mantra]]: [[Om]] [[Namo]] [[Bhagavate]] [[Bhaisajya]] [[Guru]] [[Vaidurya]] [[Prabaha]] [[Rajaya]] [[Tathagataya]] [[Arhate]] [[Samyamsambodhi]] [[Tadyata]] [[Om]] [[Bhaisajye]] Bhaisajye [[Bhaisajya]] [[Samudgate]] [[Svaha]]. [[Medicine King Bodhisattva]] [[Jeweled Ax Mantra]] 16 (Line 64 of the [[Great Compassion Mantra]] of [[Avalokiteshvara]]):​ [[Syi lu seng e mu chywe ye Nan Wei la ye Wei la ye Sa wa he]].
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abbot.txt · Last modified: 2018/03/14 08:02 (external edit)